Posted August 3, 2013 by Jennifer Kane in Health Information

Remedies for deadly heat: more than just staying hydrated

Some parts of the country are experiencing record higher temperatures this summer. Las Vegas hit 117 degrees and Phoenix topped the charts at 119 degrees. Salt Lake City also hit the triple digits as did a number of places in California. Dry heat or not, residents and guests had been undoubtedly feeling it, and anytime the mercury gets remotely close to these temperatures, staying hydrated is of paramount significance.

This is specifically the case for any individual participating in outside activities or any sort of workout program. Our bodies produce sweat in order to regulate our core physique temperature. As the moisture that seems on your skin evaporates, you cool off. In fact, human beings are the most powerful mammal when it comes to regulating our physique temperature. At the intense, an adult can sweat as much as two to four liters per hour.

All of this water needs to be replaced, but don’t forget that when you sweat you are not just losing water, you are also losing minerals such as sodium and potassium. According to Dr. David McCarron, adjunct professor at University of California, Davis, “You have to replace the sodium and potassium along with the water. This is why athletes drink sports drinks like Gatorade, rather than just water. Replacing water with out enough sodium can speedily create hyponatremia, a potentially fatal condition.”

Hyponatremia symptoms are comparable to those of heat exhaustion and heat stroke, and are usually overlooked. Symptoms range from mild to severe and can include nausea, muscle cramps, disorientation, confusion, seizures, coma and death. To stay away from this condition, healthcare authorities advise marathon runners to consume additional salt and this advice ought to also be deemed by anyone exposed to excessive heat. Salt is essential in sustaining hydration.

Sadly there have been many situations of illness and even deaths from hyponatremia over the past numerous years. According to the British Medical Journal, 16 runners have died as a outcome of also little sodium and more than-hydration, and another 1,600 have grow to be seriously ill. It is accurate that water intoxication is more typically observed among intense athletes but older people are also at high risk for many motives.

As we age, our kidneys become significantly less effective at conserving salt when the physique is stressed and frequent medications such as diuretics drastically enhance that threat. That is one of the reasons that during serious high temperatures news accounts most frequently refer to elderly victims of the heat.

The appropriate balance of electrolytes in the human body is crucial for typical function of the cells and organs. Electrolytes support to regulate cardiovascular and neurological functions, fluid balance and oxygen delivery.

Ideally, anyone engaging in outdoor activity in the heat or even an indoor workout program need to drink 8 to 12 ounces of fluid every 15 to 20 minutes during a session. If exercising exceeds an hour, a beverage that contains salt and an energy carbohydrate is far superior to plain water. The suggested concentration of salt in a fluid replacement beverage is one quarter teaspoon per liter. Most sports drinks contain salt, although the quantity is not quite that high. Any individual can make an alternative to commercial fluid replacement beverages simply by adding a single quarter to 1 half teaspoon of salt per liter or 32 ounces of water.

Every day, more and a lot more Americans are motivated to start off physical exercise programs. Physical fitness is a state of very good health resulting from standard exercise and excellent nutrition. When you physical exercise, your body’s metabolism works at a significantly larger rate, breaking down and regenerating tissues and generating waste metabolites that need to be flushed out of your method. Nevertheless, regardless of your level of activity, you nevertheless want to keep very good hydration.

So keep in mind to usually drink a lot of water to beat heat, but also up your intake of electrolytes, specifically sodium and potassium. Understand more about staying hydrated by visiting www.ALittleSalt.org.

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Jennifer Kane