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Posted July 25, 2013 by Michael J. Kora in Hot Topics
 
 

Drones – coming to a neighborhood near you



Worried about the safety of your residence or business? Asking yourself how safe your neighborhood is? Curious about how effectively your crops or livestock are performing?

The answer may be drone technologies &ndash the identical technologies that has been utilised in the fight against terrorism and to patrol our nation&rsquos borders.

As information about drones, also identified as unmanned aerial autos, becomes a lot more mainstream, public safety officials, businesses and people are exploring how drones could perform a assortment of jobs.

Since of the possible and controversial uses of drone technologies, which range from military-style Predator drones to camera-equipped flying devices the size of birds, 43 states have proposed or lately enacted laws to define what a drone is, who is authorized to use them, and how they can be utilised, according to WestlawNext, the nation&rsquos leading on the web legal research service.

Compiled by means of investigation on WestlawNext, right here is a breakdown of what states have enacted or are at present proposing:

* 39 states have laws or bills addressing search warrants for law enforcement&rsquos use of drones.

* 18 states have laws or bills that limit the use of drones for surveillance by non-law enforcement personnel, such as corporate security personnel or private investigators.

* 17 states have laws or bills that prohibit drones armed with weapons, such as guns or tasers.

* 20 states have laws or bills for a private right of action by folks aggrieved by violations of drone guidelines.

* 16 states have laws or bills defining criminal penalties for violation of drone regulations.

* 17 states have laws or bills delivering exceptions for the use of drones in situations of emergency.

The legislation, both enacted and proposed, address actual-life inquiries such as no matter whether a nearby police department can situation speeding tickets based on a digital recording of the automobile&rsquos speed from a drone flying overhead, the use of drones by the news media to record footage for a story, or if you want a license to shoot video with a remote-controlled aircraft for industrial purposes, such as actual estate or to record massive public events for advertisers.

On the other side of the problem, a debate is emerging about the legality of an American citizen destroying a low-flying drone that crosses a home owner&rsquos private home.&nbsp According to a February 2013 Reason-Rupe poll, 47 percent of Americans feel they must have the correct to shoot down a drone that&rsquos taking video of their home.

&ldquoThere are a quantity of concerns surfaced by the a variety of legislation, but clearly privacy and public safety prime the list,&rdquo says Michael Carlson, reference lawyer at Thomson Reuters. &ldquoThe wide-ranging points of legislation demonstrate a number of views, perceived opportunities and a assortment of issues surrounding the use and improvement of drones.&rdquo

By means of investigation on WestlawNext, some of the distinctive legislation being discussed and debated in statehouses across the United States regarding drones involves:

* Proposed legislation in Virginia would make it unlawful to use drones to &ldquoimpede the lawful hunting of wild birds or wild animals.&rdquo

* In Massachusetts, a bill would prohibit the use of drones to &ldquocollect or maintain details about the political, religious or social views, associations or activities of an person.&rdquo

* At least 3 states, North Carolina, Utah and Virginia, have referred to as for the investigation of, or express concern for, the authorized use of drones against U.S. citizens by the U.S. government.

* Some states, such as Nevada, Ohio, Texas and Washington, are encouraging the development of drone technology within their state.

* At least two states, Nevada and Washington, noted tax incentives or abatements in their legislation for aircraft businesses or the aerospace market. The legislature in Nevada also endorsed &ldquothe promotion of efforts to assistance the establishment of Nevada as the &lsquoSilicon Valley&rsquo of unmanned aircraft systems education, testing, analysis and manufacture.&rdquo

These a variety of pieces of legislation seek to address an ever-changing landscape as the application for drone use, and their technological capabilities, ever-widens. In 2015, the U.S. Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with agencies such as the Federal Aviation Administration and aviation industry representatives, is anticipated to announce rules and regulations concerning the use of drones. In the end, drones, and legislation tied to them, have turn out to be portion of our every day lives.

Photo Credit: Reuters/Srdjan Zivulovic

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Michael J. Kora

 
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